Missouri State University (MSU or MO State), formerly Southwest Missouri State University, is a public university in Springfield, Missouri. Founded in 1905 as the Fourth District Normal School, it is the state’s second largest university campus by enrollment, with an official enrollment of 23,697 in the fall 2018 semester on the Springfield campus. The Springfield campus is one of two degree-granting institutions operated by the school, the other being a two-year campus in West Plains, Missouri. An associate degree in arts and a bachelor degree in business is offered at Liaoning Normal University in China. In addition to its main campus, MSU maintains a fruit research station in Mountain Grove, Missouri and the Department of Defense and Strategic Studies program in Fairfax, Virginia.