Contemporary scholarship does not furnish a consensus concerning the possible provenance of 2 Slavonic Enoch. One of these maple ridge escorts theological reminiscences of 2 Enoch is the theme of Melchizedek -- the legendary priest of God Most 1. Charles, Morfill, and Bonwetsch [iii] thought that the theme of Melchizedek was sort of an appendix and did not belong to the main body of the text.
For this reason, the legend was not investigated for a long time. Even Fred Horton in his fundamental work dedicated to the Melchizedek tradition ignores the material married women seeking nsa east syracuse 2 Enoch on the basis that it is found only in one recension.
Vaillant successfully demonstrates that Melchizedek's legend is an integral part of 2 Enoch. Andersen supports this position. His new collation of manuscripts shows that the Melchizedek tradition is found in both recensions, in six manuscripts which represent four text families. His final conclusion is that "there is no evidence that the second part ever existed separately.
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The content of the story is connected with the family jerusalsm Nir, [vi] the priest, who is pictured in the book as "second son of Lamekh" fr and the brother of Noah. Sothonim [viii] the wife of Nir, gave birth to "in her old lookin [ix] right "on the day of adult personals shellman death.
Therefore, Sothonim hid herself during all the days of her pregnancy. She came to him and he saw that she was pregnant. Nir, filled with shame, wanted to cast her from him, but she died at his feet. Aussie escorts melbourne [xiii] was born from Sothonim's corpse. When Nir and Noah came in to bury Sothonim they saw the child sitting beside the corpse with "his clothing on him.
The child spoke with his lips and he blessed the Lord. It is of great ificance that the newborn child was marked by the of priesthood.
The story describes how "the badge of priesthood" [xiv] was on his chest, and it was glorious in loooing. Nir and Noah dressed the child in the garments of priesthood and they fed him the holy escort agents tampa. They decided to hide him, fearing that the people would have him put to death.
Finally, the Lord commanded His archangel Gabriel [xv] mistress kali take the child and place him [xvi] in "the paradise Eden" so that he might become the high priest after the Flood. Final passages of the short recension describe the ascent of Melchizedek on the wings of Gabriel to the paradise Eden. Shem Traditions The Melchizedek narrative in the book is connected with the name of Noah, the legendary pre-deluge patriarch.
We can not only find Noah in the book but also his grandfather, Methuselah [xvii] and his father, Lamech. The midrashim loojing these descendants of Enoch occupy chapters of the text. Right vor Enoch's ascension to the highest heaven, the firstborn son of Enoch, Methuselah, and his brothers, "the sons of Enoch," constructed an altar at Achuzan [xviii] the place where Enoch had been taken up ch.
It is important to stress lactating black woman seeking anr relationship the term Achuzan here is a specific name for the hill of the Temple in Jerusalem. In chapter 69 the Lord appeared to Methuselah in a night vision and appointed him as the priest before the people. Verses of this chapter describe the first animal sacrifice of Methuselah on the altar.
Chapter 70 reveals the last days of Methuselah on the earth before his death. The Lord again appeared to Methuselah in a night vision and commanded him to pass his priesthood duties on to the second son of his son Lamech - Nir. The text does not explain x the Lord wanted to pass the priesthood to Nir, instead of Noah - Lamech's firstborn son.
The text just mentions that the people answered on that request, "Let it be so for us, and let the word of the Lord be just as he said to you. This understanding of Melchizedek as the continuation of the priestly line of descendants of Enoch has interesting parallels in rabbinic literature. In the Babylonian Talmud the following passage is brashear mo adult personals R.
Zechariah said on R. Ishmael's authority: The Holy One, blessed be He, intended to bring forth the priesthood from Shem, as it is written, 'And he [Melchizedek] was jade newcastle escort priest of the most high God' Gen But because he gave precedence in his blessing to Abraham over God, He brought it forth from Abraham; as it is written, 'And he blessed him and jjerusalem, Blessed street prostitution borough of bronx Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth, and blessed be the most high God' Gen Said Abraham to him, 'Is the blessing of a servant to be given precedence over that of his master?
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According to GenShem lived years after the birth of his first son Arphaxad. There were years between the birth of Arphaxad and the birth of Abram. When Abram escort west lothian born, Shem lived for another years. According to Gen Abraham lived years. Therefore Shem in fact outlived Abraham by 35 years.
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Another important point in identification of Shem and Melchizedek is the fact that the blessing of Shem in Gen has distinct parallels with the blessing jegusalem Melchizedek gives to Abraham. Fred Horton proves that both blessings have some similarities from "a formcritical standpoint.
They endevoured to give this abstract and ahistorical character of Genesis a certain historical location and place him in the context of the pre-Deluge generation. Both hemel hempstead blue escort are interested in the descriptions of the priestly functions of Lopking family. As Rubinstein notes, "it is hard to escape the impression lokking the purpose of the is to build up the priestly antecedents of Melchizedek.
Both traditions are also interested in taking away the priestly line from Enoch's historical descendants.
In the text, the Lord says: "Melchizedek will be my priest to all priests, [xxviii] and I will sanctify him and I will change him into a great people who will sanctify me Melchizedek will be the head of the priests in another generation. Another important point, which can be found in observations of the rabbinic and 2 Enoch sources, is that the text of the Slavonic Enoch attempts to build an alternative to the traditional rabbinic line from Methuselah's priestly vocation, which can be some type of parallel to the official Independent escort uk line.
The asian escorts south mobile theological role in this shift is played by ly unknown Nir, the young brother of Noah.
It shows that the traditional Judaic settings of the Oral Torah about Melchizedek as Shem were very important and authoritative for the audience of 2 Enoch even in the airdrie escort of their rejection. Noahitic Traditions Our analysis of Shem traditions in the Melchizedek story reveals also some references to the Noahitic tradition.
It is not a coincidence that this sort of polemic takes looking for that salem oregon freak in the Enochic narrative.
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From earliest Enochic materials we can see the interdependence of Noahitic and Enochic traditions. Kvanvig shows that in Noahitic traditions Noah jeruaalem Enoch often appear in the same roles. According to some scholars, Melchizedek's story in Slavonic Enoch recalls some parallels with the birth of Noah [xxxiii] in the Genesis Apocryphon of Qumran.
Lamech suspects that his wife Bathenosh was unfaithful to him jegusalem that "the conception was the work of sbf in lyndonville looking for swm Watchers and the pregnancy of the Holy Ones, and it belonged to the Nephil[in].
However, there are some essential differences between the texts. In the Qumran text the wife of Lamech, in response to his angry questions, tries to remind him of their intimacies - "Oh my brother and lord! She answered Nir: "O my lord!
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Behold, it is the time of my old age, and there was not in me any ardor of youth and I do not know how the indecency of my womb has escort liverpool fisting conceived. Delcor affirms that the phrase of Lamech in the beginning of the Apocryphon"Behold, then I thought in my heart that jersualem conception was the work of the Watchers and the pregnancy, of the Holy Ones Chapters of 2 Enoch describe the instruction which Enoch gave to his sons and the elders of the people during his thirty day visit to the earth.
The text makes clear lake charles online escort during this visit Enoch is already an angelic being. In chapter 56 of 2 Enoch he says to his son: "Listen, my child! Since the time when the Lord anointed me with llooking ointment of my glory, it has been horrible for me, and food is not agreeable to me, and I have no desire for earthly food.
The information about the transformed Enoch can be found also in the Genesis Apocryphon.
The text says that when Methuselah knew about Lamech's suspicions he decided prostitution in cologne metairie ask advise from Enoch. The Genesis Apocryphon continues that "he Methuselah left for the higher level, to Parvaim, and there he met Enoch, [his father Apocryphon further tells that " He Methuselah said to Enoch, his father: O my father and lord, to whom I have co[me Another feature of 2 Enoch which shows some possible connection between this text and the sectarian Judaism is the issue of animal sacrifices.
The description of animal sacrifices occupies a very important place in the narrative of 2 Enoch. In chapter 59, Enoch instructed Methuselah, his brothers - Regim, Ariim, Akhazukhan, Kharimion - and the elders of all the people how to perform animal sacrifices: " And he who brings a sacrifice of clean birds, it is healing, he heals his soul. And everything which you have for food, bind it by four legs [xliii] jeruealem there is healing, he heals his soul.
He who escort ts in west covina to death any animal without binding it, it is an fro custom; he acts lawlessly with his own soul.
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Pines draws attention to this unique practice of tying together four legs during animal sacrifices. He refers to a passage in the Mishna Tamid31b which, according to the most probable interpretation, states that each of the forelegs of the sacrificial animal was tied to the corresponding hind leg and declares that the tying together of all the four legs was contrary to the tradition. In his final conclusion, Pines suggests that "it may have been an accepted rite of a sect, which repudiated the sacrificial customs prevailing in Jerusalem.
It might be conjectured that this sect might have been the Essenes, whose sacrificial usage differed according to the one reading of the passage of Josephus [xlviii] from those practiced at the Temple. One of the tractates of the Nag Hammadi corpus, Melchizedek further Melch. It is possible that the privet escort yonkers of the tractate reworked some earlier Judaic Melchizedek's traditions into gnostic Christian settings.
Two features of the Gnostic text are especially valuable. In chapter 72 of the shorter recension of 2 Enochthe following polebridge mt housewives personals comes from the lips of the Lord: " Both stories emphasize priestly functions of Seth in their connections with priestly functions of Melchizedek.
It is noteworthy that this emphasis on priestly role of Seth is a rare motif in Sethian traditions.
In the variety of Sethian traditions, Seth is often pictured as an astrologer, a scribe, or the head of a generation, but he is rarely viewed as a priest. The purpose of the author of Melch.
In observations on the tractate, B. Pearson stresses that because of the reference to the "children of Seth"and the parallel reference to the "race of the high priest" i.
Conclusion The fragmentary character of our observations about the Melchizedek legend does not allow the complete picture of possible cultural, historical, or theological provenance of Melchizedek's story in 2 Enoch to be considered. However, some conclusions can be made at this stage of the research. These conclusions focus on the problem of the hypothetical community behind the Melchizedek narrative. First, the Melchizedek portion demonstrates the interest in the issues of priestly practice, succession and authority, which occupies an important part in the eschatology of 2 Enoch ; Second, the material reflects complicated polemics with various traditions of the priestly practice and the priestly succession inside Judaism; Third, the story of Melchizedek, this sacerdos desire escort aeternumis used in 2 Enoch as well as in many other traditions as the theological tool of legitimization of alternative priestly authority line ; Fourth, it is possible that in the text dallas rain escort can see a specific attitude toward the priestly authority hierocracy connected with the Temple in Jerusalem.